Finance professionals are responsible for not only keeping track of an organization’s money; they also must accurately account for it, as well as for future projections of revenues, profits, and losses. Being responsible for finances requires not just technical competence but the highest ethical standards for conduct. Those professionals who work in finance and accounting can and should be leaders in promoting ethical practices within their organizations. In doing so, they can provide a shining example to others that fraud, waste, and illegal conduct will not be tolerated.
The supreme importance of ethical conduct has been a hallmark of the IMA (Institute of Management Accountants), which is why the organization has a statement of ethical professional practice enshrining “Competence, Confidentiality, Integrity, and Credibility” in members’ professional behavior. And while certain behaviors are easy to recognize as ethically compromised, the challenge sometimes comes when finance professionals who consider themselves to be ethical are unsure of when a practice is truly in violation of ethical guidelines. That is why IMA prioritizes ethical education and has made it a core competency of the CMA (Certified Management Accountant) curriculum.
Finance leaders, however, can further take the lead on ensuring ethical behavior in organizations—and in the process, help rebuild trust in institutions—by doing the following:
- Understand which practices are unethical. Some practices, such as fraud or embezzlement, are not only blatantly unethical but illegal. But what about misrepresenting information to influence shareholders or other stakeholders? What about withholding crucial information to prevent a backlash? What about failing to be transparent with all information, financial or otherwise? These actions may sometimes be illegal, and may other times not be illegal, but are still unethical. Knowing the difference between what is simply legal and what is both legal and ethical is key for all finance professionals, and this distinction should be articulated in financial education as well as organizational policy.
- Help build ethical corporate cultures. It is important for leaders in an organization to promote ethics. Leaders need to ensure that codes of conduct filter down through the entire organization. There are instances where someone may not know that their conduct is unethical because they have not received proper training on how to recognize and navigate ethical dilemmas. Serving as role models, finance leaders can put ethics front and center, insisting on full compliance with ethical guidelines throughout the finance function. This is ultimately an investment in the finance department and whole organization, because an ethical corporate culture will be far less hospitable to those who would commit fraud, mislead others, or compromise on transparency.
- Acknowledge and address the consequences of unethical behavior. Sometimes professionals can do something unethical without realizing it. Yet once an act has been deemed unethical, professionals need to be fully transparent about what happened, how it happened, and what they will do to prevent it from happening again. Leaders should take violations of ethical conduct seriously and address the causes and ramifications while working to rectify the situation.
These guidelines for ethical behavior apply across professions and industries, but they are even more important for those in the finance profession. To help rebuild trust in our world, our profession needs to embrace a culture of ethics—and it can start with each and every one of us who plays this critical role within our organizations.